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a21?????? ?????????? ???? ????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????????? ?? ??? ????????? ???????? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ????????. ?????, ?????????, ??????? ??? ?????? ????????? ?? ???????? ?????? ??? ????????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ????????, ????? ??? ????????????, ??????????? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ?????????????? ???????? ???. ???? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ?????. ? ??????? ?????????? ??? ??? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ?????? ??? ? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ????? ??? ??? ??????????? ??????? ????????????? ???? ?? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ??? ??? ?? ??????? ????????? ?????.

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?? ??????? ??????????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ????? ???? ??????????? ??? ??? ????????????? ? ???????? ??? ??? ??????? ????. ??????, ? ????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ??? ????a12??????? ???????? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ?????? ??????????? ??? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ???????. ???? ??????? ??? ? ??????? ??????? ???????? ??? ????????????? ?? ???????? ??? ???????? ????. ? ???????? ???? ??????? ???????????? ??? ??? ?????? ???????? ???????? ???????, ??? ??? ???????? ????????? ??? ?? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ??? ??????? ????, ???? ?? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ???? ??? ?????. ? ????????? ???? ??????????? ??? 0.5?. ??? 2?. ??? ?? ????? ???? ??? 3?. ????? 30?.

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a17

??? ??? 7? ??. ?.?., ???????????? ??? ?????????? ???????? ? ???????????? ??? ???????? ????????? ???????? ???? ???? ? ???? ??????? ???????? ??? ???????????? ???? ?? ?????????? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ?? ????????? ???? ????????? ??? ???. ?? ????????? ?????????????, ???? ??? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ????????. ???? ?? ????????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ?????? ?? Qanat ??? ????????????????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ??????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ??? ???????????????? ????? ??? ??????.

a04??????? ???????? Qanat ???? ?????????? ?? ??????? ???????? ??????? ?? ???????????? ?? ??????? ????? ? ???? ????????? ?? ????????? ??????, ????????, ?????? ? ?????, ? ???????? ???????? ??? ? ????????? ????????? ?????? ?? ????????. ? ?????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ??? ???????? ????? ??????? ??????????, ???? ?? ???????????? ? ????????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ??????. ? ?????? ???? ??????? ???? ????????? ??? ?????? ???????????, ?????? ???????? ????? ????????? ????? ??? ???????? ??????? ????? ? ??????????????. ? ???????? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ? ???? ??? ?? ??????? ? ??? ?????????, ??? ????? ?????? ???????? ?????.

??? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ???????????????? ??????? ?????????????? ??????????? ???????, ??? ???? ???????????? ??? ???????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ???????? ????????. ???? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ???????? ????? ????????? ? ??????? ??? ??????? ? ??? ????????????? ???????? ???? ?????????? ??????. ? ??????? ???? ?????????????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ???????????? ?????????? ????? ??? ??? ???? ??? ???? ?? ?? ????????? ? ??? ??? ????? ???? ????. ? ??????? ??????????? ???? ??????????? ??? ?? ?????????????? ?????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ???? ?????? ??? ???????? ??? ??????????? ? ?????? ????????? ??? ???????????? ????????? ?????? ??? ??????????????.

???? ?? ??????? ????? ? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ??????????? ??? ????????? ???. ?? ??????? ???????????????? ?? ???? ????????? ???????? ??? ???????, ??????????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????????? ??? ?? ???????????? ???????????, ??????????????? ???? ???????? ??? ?? ????????? ????????? ??? ??? ?????????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ? ????????? ?????????.

a25?? ?????????? Aqua_Claudia ???? ????? ????????? ??? ???????????, ??? ????????? ?? ???????????? ????????? ??????????, ?????? ??? ????????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ??????????? ????? ????????, ?? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ??????, ??? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????????, ??? ?????????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ???????, ??? ?????????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ??? ??????, ??? ??? ????? ??? ??? ????. ??? ??? ???????? ???????????????? ??????? ?????????? ?? ????????? ???????, ??? ????? ?? ???? ???? ??? ?? ?????, ???? ?? ???????? ???, ????? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ????????? ????. ???? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ????? ??? ??? ????, ???? ????????????? ???????? ??? ??? ????? ???? ??? ????????? ??????. ???? ??????????? ????????? ??? ???????? ????????? ?? ???????? ??????? ?????????????? ??? ???????????? ??? ???????. ?? ??????? ????????? ??????? ????????? ???????????? ??????? ??????????. ????? ???????????????? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ????????? ?????, ???????????? ?? ????? 0.50?.-1.00?., ???? ?? ????????????? ? ???????? ????????.

????????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ? ???????? ??? ????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ?????????? ??????????? ??? ????????? ????? ?????. ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ??????????, ?? ?????????? ??????? ?? ?? ????????? ???? ??????????? ???????? ?? ??????? ????????? ??? ?? ????????? ?? ????? ??????????, ?? ????? ????????? ???? ??????????? ??????, ??? ??? ?????????? ??????????? ????. ?? ??????? ????????? ?? ??? ???????? ???????? ????? ?????? (castellum). ?? ????? ??? ????????? ???????? ???? ????????????? ?? ?????? ???????????, ??? ???? ?? ???? ?????????? ???? ??????????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??? ?? ????????? ???? ???????? ?????? ??? ?? ?????? ??? ?????.



?????:

??????? ?. ??????: ????????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ???? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ????????? (http://invenio.lib.auth.gr/record/113918/)
http://www.romanaqueducts.info/

????? ???????????:
http://el.wikipedia.org/wiki/%CE%A5%CE%B4%CF%81%CE%B1%CE%B3%CF%89%CE%B3%CE%B5%CE%AF%CE%BF
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/
http://www.sacred-destinations.com/syria/palmyra-pictures/slides/roman-pipes-c-galen.htm
http://culturenow.wordpress.com/2010/07/
http://www.epikaira.gr/epikairo.php?id=41931
http://www.archaeology.org/1203/features/how_a_roman_aqueduct_works.html
http://bleon1.wordpress.com/
http://guideofgreece.com/ancient-corinth
http://www.hydriaproject.net/
http://www.agathe.gr/id/agora/report/excavations%202007
http://el.wikipedia.org/wiki/%CE%95%CF%85%CF%80%CE%B1%CE%BB%CE%AF%CE%BD%CE%B5%CE%B9%CE%BF_%CF%8C%CF%81%CF%85%CE%B3%CE%BC%CE%B1
http://thpastor.wordpress.com/page/3/
http://www.aquiziam.com/gallery-temples-cyprus.html
http://www.flickriver.com/photos/kjfnjy/sets/72157594250269426/
http://sidstechie.blogspot.com/2009/03/kish-qanat-in-kariz-iran-is-more-than.html